Top 10 Particle Era Facts that will Blow Your Mind!
Particle Era Facts #9: A lot has happened in a short time
As noted above (see #10), a tremendous amount of change has occurred within the universe. Furthermore, this amazing change has happened in mere fractions of a single sentence. Rapid inflation, matter creation, wild temperature fluctuations. And, all of this within a mere fraction of time since the big bang!
Particle Era Facts #7: A world of quarks and antiquarks
During the Particle Era, matter had not yet begun. No protons, neutrons, nor a single electron had been born! However, during this odd epoch, the universe was filled with quarks and antiquarks. Quarks, serve as foundational particles, making up protons and neutrons. However, when the Particle Era began, these particles were still unable to “stick” together. Hence, an endless see of quark soup!
Particle Era Facts #5: Nuclear strong force takes hold!
Finally, all four fundamental forces were separate and unique during the Particle Era. Plus, the universe had cooled enough for the strong nuclear force to take affect. As the name denotes, this strongest of the forces firmly binds particles together, allowing nuclei to be created. Ultimately, this is the first time the universe saw formal nuclei! Finally, matter!
Particle Era Facts #3: Nothing could have never existed
Technically, had matter not won the legendary matter-antimatter battle, we would have never existed. Indeed, the two particles would have continuously destroyed each other. Thus, disallowing any matter to exist. No planets, stars, galaxies or anything else! After all, everything we know is made of matter!
Particle Era Facts #1: One of the universe’s greatest mysteries
Somehow, in a seemingly dead-even match up, matter won out over antimatter. Plus, the entire war took place in less than one second during the Particle Era. However, nobody has a clue how or why matter won. For all we know, antimatter could have just as easily won. Fortunately, matter won, allowing life and everything we know to occur. Yet, this remains one of astronomy’s greatest unsolved mysteries!
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